Last updated: July 26, 2021

Always consult your physician before beginning any exercise program. Do not start this fitness program if your physician or health care provider advises against it. If you experience faintness, dizziness, pain or shortness of breath at any time while exercising you should stop immediately. This is particularly true if you (or your family) have a history of high blood pressure or heart disease, or if you have ever experienced chest pain when exercising or have experienced chest pain in the past month when not engaged in physical activity, smoke, have high cholesterol, are obese, or have a bone or joint problem that could be made worse by a change in physical activity.

This general information is not intended to diagnose any medical condition or to replace your healthcare professional. Consult with your healthcare professional to design an appropriate exercise prescription. If you experience any pain or difficulty with these exercises, stop and consult your healthcare provider.

This site offers health, fitness, and nutritional information and is designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on this information as a substitute for, nor does it replace, professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional. Do not disregard, avoid or delay obtaining medical or health-related advice from your healthcare professional because of something you may have read on this site. The use of any information provided on this site is solely at your own risk.


If you experience any symptoms of weakness, unsteadiness, light-headedness or dizziness, chest pain or pressure, nausea, or shortness of breath. Mild soreness after exercise may be experienced after beginning a new exercise. Contact your physician if the soreness does not improve after 2-3 days.

Safety Reminders

  • Don't exercise without the permission of your physician.
  • Don't exercise if you have an unstable medical condition, healing injury, or uncontrolled disease.
  • Contact your doctor if you experience chest pain or pressure, trouble breathing or shortness of breath, light-headedness or dizziness, or nausea.
  • Don't perform activities that cause sharp pain or aggravate a medical condition.
  • Soreness is to be expected in the muscles with any new exercise program.
  • Use soreness as a guide for intensity. If you are very sore the day after exercising, exercise at a lower intensity next time. If the pain persists for more than 2 days, contact your doctor.
  • Joint pain should be avoided. The saying "no pain, no gain" is not true for older adults.
  • Remember to breathe properly. Never hold your breath while straining, particularly if you have high blood pressure. Generally, exhale during muscle exertion, and inhale during relaxation.